Headshot of Ashley Linden-Carmichael

Ashley Linden-Carmichael

Associate Research Professor of Health and Human Development

320E Biobehavioral Health Building
814-865-7177
ALindenCarmichael@psu.edu
Pronouns: she/her

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Introduction

Ashley Linden-Carmichael's program of research focuses on identifying influential and underlying psychosocial predictors and consequences of high-risk drinking behavior, including high-intensity drinking, alcohol mixed with energy drinks, and simultaneous use of alcohol with other substances, such as marijuana. Ashley has a particular interest in using innovative methods, such as daily diary designs, ecological momentary assessment, and wearable alcohol sensors to assess problematic alcohol use patterns in real-time.

She co-directs the Addiction and Innovative Methods (AIM) Lab with Stephanie Lanza, Director of the Prevention Research Center and Professor of Biobehavioral Health.

For more information on Dr. Linden-Carmichael, click here.

Recent Publications

Understanding heterogeneity among simultaneous alcohol and marijuana users: Latent classes derived from daily diary data

Lanza, S. T., Sokolovsky, A. W., Linden-Carmichael, A. N., White, H. R., & Jackson, K.M. (2022). Understanding heterogeneity among simultaneous alcohol and marijuana users: Latent classes derived from daily diary data. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs (83)3, 358-363. https://www.jsad.com/doi/full/10.15288/jsad.2022.83.358

Change in college student health and well-being profiles as a function of the COVID-19 pandemic

Lanza, S. T., Whetzel, C. A., Linden-Carmichael, A. N., & Newschaffer, C. J. (2022). Change in college student health and well-being profiles as a function of the COVID-19 pandemic. PLoS ONE 17(5). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0267724

Flexibly modeling age trends in the prevalence of co-occurring patterns of substance use and mental health disorders using time-varying effects and latent class analysis

Stull, S. W., Linden-Carmichael, A. N., Cloutier, R. M., Bonny, A. E., & Lanza, S. T. (2022). Flexibly modeling age trends in the prevalence of co-occurring patterns of substance use and mental health disorders using time-varying effects and latent class analysis. The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, 1–9. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1080/00952990.2021.2016786

Assessing subjective cannabis effects in daily life with contemporary young adult language

Cloutier, R.M., Calhoun, B.H., Lanza, S.T., Linden-Carmichael, A.N. (2022). Assessing subjective cannabis effects in daily life with contemporary young adult language. Drug and Alcohol Dependence. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2021.109205

College students' sense of belonging and mental health amidst the COVID-19 pandemic

Gopalan, M., Linden-Carmichael, A., & Lanza, S. (2021). College students' sense of belonging and mental health amidst the COVID-19 pandemic. Journal of Adolescent Health. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2021.10.010

Associations between simultaneous alcohol and cannabis use and next-day negative affect among young adults: The role of sex and trait anxiety

Linden-Carmichael, A. N., Hochgraf, A. K., Cloutier, R. M., Stull, S. W., & Lanza, S. T. (2021). Associations between simultaneous alcohol and cannabis use and next-day negative affect among young adults: The role of sex and trait anxiety. Addictive Behaviors, 123. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2021.107082

Associations of mode of administration on cannabis consumption and subjective intoxication in daily life

Cloutier, R. M., Calhoun, B. H., & Linden-Carmichael, A. N. (2021). Associations of mode of administration on cannabis consumption and subjective intoxication in daily life. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1037/adb0000726

Time-varying effect modeling for the behavioral, social and health sciences

Lanza, S.T., & Linden-Carmichael, A.N. (2021). Time-varying effect modeling for the behavioral, social and health sciences. Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-70944-0

Measuring subjective alcohol effects in daily life using contemporary young adult language

Linden-Carmichael, A. N., & Calhoun, B. H. (2021). Measuring subjective alcohol effects in daily life using contemporary young adult language. Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1037/pha0000447

Profiles of alcohol and marijuana use among simultaneous alcohol and marijuana users: Individual differences in demographics and substance use

Linden-Carmichael, A. N., & Allen, H. K. (2021). Profiles of alcohol and marijuana use among simultaneous alcohol and marijuana users: Individual differences in demographics and substance use. Journal of Drug Issues, 51(2), 239-248. https://doi.org/10.1177/0022042620979617

The socio-environmental context of simultaneous alcohol and marijuana use among young adults: Examining day-level associations

Linden-Carmichael, A. N., Allen, H. K., & Lanza, S. T. (2021). The socio-environmental context of simultaneous alcohol and marijuana use among young adults: Examining day-level associations. Drug and Alcohol Review, 40(4), 647-657. https://doi.org/10.1111/dar.13213

The language of subjective alcohol effects: Do young adults vary in their feelings of intoxication?

Linden-Carmichael, A. N., Allen, H. K., & Lanza, S. T. (2020). The language of subjective alcohol effects: Do young adults vary in their feelings of intoxication? Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1037/pha0000416. PMCID: In process

Are co-users of alcohol and marijuana more willing to experience consequences from drinking? A longitudinal examination among first-year college students

Linden-Carmichael, A. N., Mallett, K. A., Sell, N., & Turrisi, R. (2019). Are co-users of alcohol and marijuana more willing to experience consequences from drinking? A longitudinal examination among first-year college students. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 43, 1567-1574. doi: 10.1111/acer.14075 PMCID: PMC6602848

Simultaneous alcohol and marijuana use in daily life: Implications for level of use, subjective intoxication, and positive and negative consequences

Linden-Carmichael, A. N., Van Doren, N., Masters, L. D., & Lanza, S. T. (2020). Simultaneous alcohol and marijuana use in daily life: Implications for level of use, subjective intoxication, and positive and negative consequences. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 34, 447- 453. doi: 10.1037/adb0000556

“Buzzwords”: Crowdsourcing and quantifying U.S. young adult terminology for subjective effects of alcohol and marijuana use

Linden-Carmichael, A. N., Masters, L. D., & Lanza, S. T. (2020). “Buzzwords”: Crowdsourcing and quantifying U.S. young adult terminology for subjective effects of alcohol and marijuana use. Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1037/pha0000344. PMCID: PMC7375944

Affect relative to day-level drinking initiation: Analyzing ecological momentary assessment data with multilevel spline modeling

Russell, M. A., Linden-Carmichael, A. N., Lanza, S. T., Fair, E. V., Sher, K. & Piasecki, T. M. (2020). Affect relative to day-level drinking initiation: Analyzing ecological momentary assessment data with multilevel spline modeling. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 34, 434-446. doi: 10.1037/adb0000550 PMCID: PMC7148183

College degree attainment by age of first marijuana use and parental education

Linden-Carmichael, A. N., Kloska, D. D., Evans-Polce, R., Lanza, S. T., & Patrick, M. E. (2019). College degree attainment by age of first marijuana use and parental education. Substance Abuse, 40, 66-70. doi: 10.1080/08897077.2018.1521354 PMCID: PMC6535370

Simultaneous use of alcohol and marijuana: Patterns and individual differences

Linden-Carmichael, A. N., Stamates, A. L., & Lau-Barraco, C. (2019). Simultaneous use of alcohol and marijuana: Patterns and individual differences. Substance Use & Misuse, 54, 2156- 2166. doi: 10.1080/10826084.2019.1638407 PMCID: PMC6803060 *Media coverage

The influence of a brief alcohol intervention on alcohol use trajectories in nonstudent emerging adult drinkers

Lau-Barraco, C., Linden-Carmichael, A. N., Stamates, A. L., Preonas, P., & Braitman, A. L. (2019). The influence of a brief alcohol intervention on alcohol use trajectories in nonstudent emerging adult drinkers. Substance Use & Misuse, 54, 2025-2032. doi: 10.1080/10826084.2019.1626434

An examination of consequences among college student drinkers on occasions involving alcohol-only, marijuana-only, or combined alcohol and marijuana use

Mallett, K. A., Turrisi, R., Trager, B., Sell, N., & Linden-Carmichael, A. N. (2019). An examination of consequences among college student drinkers on occasions involving alcohol-only, marijuana-only, or combined alcohol and marijuana use. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 33, 331-336. doi: 10.1037/adb0000458

University students use fewer protective behavioral strategies on high-intensity drinking days

Linden-Carmichael, A. N., Calhoun, B. H., Patrick, M. E., & Maggs, J. L. (2019). University students use fewer protective behavioral strategies on high-intensity drinking days. Drug and Alcohol Review, 38, 302-305. doi: 10.1111/dar.1291346.

Flexibly modeling alcohol use disorder risk: How many drinks should we count?

Linden-Carmichael, A. N., Russell, M. A., & Lanza, S. T. (2019). Flexibly modeling alcohol use disorder risk: How many drinks should we count? Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 33, 50-57. doi: 10.1037/adb0000431 PMCID: PMC6521945

Dynamic features of problematic drinking: Alcohol use disorder latent classes across ages 18-64

Linden-Carmichael, A. N., Dziak, J. J., & Lanza, S. T. (2019). Dynamic features of problematic drinking: Alcohol use disorder latent classes across ages 18-64. Alcohol and Alcoholism, 54, 97- 103. doi: 10.1093/alcalc/agy074 PMCID: PMC6324653

Age-varying effects of cannabis use frequency and disorder on symptoms of psychosis, depression and anxiety in adolescents and adults

Leadbeater, B. J., Ames, M. E., & Linden-Carmichael, A. N. (2019). Age-varying effects of cannabis use frequency and disorder on symptoms of psychosis, depression and anxiety in adolescents and adults. Addiction, 114, 278-293. doi: 10.1111/add.14459 PMCID: PMC6519223

Testing daily associations between impulsivity, affect, and alcohol outcomes: A pilot study

Stamates, A. L., Linden-Carmichael, A. N., Lau-Barraco, C., & Preonas, P. (2019). Testing daily associations between impulsivity, affect, and alcohol outcomes: A pilot study. Addiction Research & Theory, 27, 242-248. doi: 10.1080/16066359.2018.1498846 PMCID: PMC6561497

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